Zeitschrift für Kunst- und Sozialwissenschaften

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Volumen 4, Ausgabe 1 (2013)


Coping with Floods in the Savannah Region of Ghana

Theresa Dari, Dacosta Aboagye, Joseph Koomson

Human vulnerability to floods may be generated from human interaction with the environment. This interaction could result in an event that causes harm to humans by surpassing household and community resistance and resilience. This study sought to examine how decreasing access to and deteriorating conditions of key assets has increased human vulnerability to floods in the Savannah. The main aim of the study was to demonstrate how demographic characteristics of people affect their ability to access key assets to cope with floods. Two towns in the Savannah region which have been identified as highly vulnerable to flooding due to their history of floods were selected. Data collected and analysed
for the study was both qualitative and quantitative and presented using descriptive and inferential statistics. The chi square test was used to determine relationship between variables. The results of the analysis showed that most of the respondents lacked access to key assets. Lack of access to these key assets affects their ability to anticipate, resist and recover from floods. At both study areas the most vulnerable groups were females and the aged. The study showed that respondents in the rural area were more vulnerable to floods than those at the urban centre. The study concludes that, to establish effective programs to reduce human vulnerability to environmental hazards, there is the need to understand how demographic characteristics affect ability to access key assets and influences level of vulnerability.


Community Participation in Housing Market Regeneration: The Reasons for Lack of Black and Minority Ethnic Participation and Engagement

Kolawole Ijasan, Vian Ahmed, Damilola Oluwumi

Man is a very social being; hence we all desire to reside in liveable communities where our life aspirations can be met. To achieve this, we often times need to regenerate our communities. The importance of engaging with community members in the process of regeneration has been widely accepted as good practice because of its benefits to both the government agencies as well as to the members of the community. However, there is a seeming lack of active participation on the part of the community members. Many reasons have been specified for this lack, so also has so much funds been expended on getting members of the Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) communities to participate and engage with government agencies. This paper discusses some of the main factors that influence community regeneration and the importance of community engagement. In this paper, the concept of BME participation in regeneration is discussed, the barriers preventing BMEs from participating in community regeneration are reviewed and facilitators of enhanced participation are explored. Results of interviews with stakeholders in community regeneration are presented and the main findings which borders on the reason for lack of participation of BMEs and what can be done to alleviate this situation are summarised.


Interactional Justice and Emotional Abuse: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Damian J Lonsdale

The present paper attempts to reconcile two separate lines of research in organizational behavior. Specifically, it provides an examination of the dimensionality of organizational justice and emotional abuse in the workplace. It is proposed that the organizational justice facet known as interactional justice and the construct of emotional abuse actually constitute opposing ends of the same conceptual continuum. Further, it is argued that emotional abuse should be conceptually subsumed by broader measures of interactional justice. It is argued that research on the proposed overlap of these important constructs would do much to coalesce and bring clarity to both lines of research.

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