Zeitschrift für Stahlkonstruktionen und Konstruktion

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Steel Fire Resistance: Enhancing Structural Safety and Performance in High-Temperature Environments


Amir Reza

In the field of structural engineering, ensuring the safety and performance of buildings and infrastructures in high-temperature environments is of utmost importance. One critical factor in achieving this is the fire resistance of the materials used. Among the various options available, steel stands out as a remarkable choice due to its exceptional fire-resistant properties. This article delves into the advantages of steel in fire resistance, its structural performance under extreme heat and innovative methods used to enhance its fire resistance. Steel is inherently fire resistant, making it a highly reliable material for structural applications. Unlike other materials, such as wood or concrete, steel does not ignite, soften, or emit toxic gases when exposed to fire. This property is primarily due to its high melting point, which ranges between 1370 °C to 1530 °C (2500 °F to 2790 °F). As a result, steel maintains its strength and structural integrity even at elevated temperatures, offering a significant advantage over other construction materials.

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