Zeitschrift für chirurgische Pathologie und Diagnose

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Cellulitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention


Antonio Samara*

Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It is characterized by localized erythema, warmth, swelling, and pain. This article provides an overview of cellulitis, including its etiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and current management strategies. The primary causative organisms, such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus species, are discussed, along with the importance of early recognition and appropriate antibiotic therapy. Additionally, the role of imaging techniques and laboratory investigations in diagnosing cellulitis and differentiating it from other skin conditions is explored. Lastly, the article outlines the management approaches, including wound care, antimicrobial therapy, and potential complications associated with cellulitis. This article provides a comprehensive overview of cellulitis, covering its etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and management strategies. The main causative agents, primarily Streptococcus and Staphylococcus species, are discussed, along with the factors that contribute to their entry into the skin.

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